Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

सिञ्च भिक्षोर् इमां नावं सिक्ता लघ्वी भविष्यति ।
हित्वा रागं च दोषं च ततो निर्वाणम् एष्यसि ॥ १२ ॥

siñca bhikṣor imāṃ nāvaṃ siktā laghvī bhaviṣyati |
hitvā rāgaṃ ca doṣaṃ ca tato nirvāṇam eṣyasi || 12 ||

The English translation of Verse 26.12 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (26.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhikshu, Iyam, Idam, Nava, Nau, Sikta, Laghvi, Bhavishyat, Hitva, Hitvan, Raga, Dosha, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Nirvana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 26.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “siñca bhikṣor imāṃ nāvaṃ siktā laghvī bhaviṣyati
  • siñca -
  • sic (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • bhikṣor -
  • bhikṣu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • imām -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • nāvam -
  • nāva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nāvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    nau (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • siktā* -
  • sikta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    siktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sic -> sikta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √sic class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √sic class 6 verb]
    sic -> siktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √sic class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √sic class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √sic class 6 verb]
  • laghvī -
  • laghvī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • bhaviṣyati -
  • bhaviṣyat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhaviṣyat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [future active third single]
  • Line 2: “hitvā rāgaṃ ca doṣaṃ ca tato nirvāṇam eṣyasi
  • hitvā -
  • hitvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    hi -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √hi]
    hitvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rāgam -
  • rāga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rāgā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • doṣam -
  • doṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    doṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • nirvāṇam -
  • nirvāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nirvāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nirvāṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • eṣyasi -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [future active second single]
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: