Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

विज्ञानसाराणि सुभाषितानि ज्ञातं श्रुतं चैव समाधि सारम् ।
न तस्य विज्ञानश्रुतं महार्थं यः साहसो भवति नरः प्रमत्तः ॥ १८ ॥

vijñānasārāṇi subhāṣitāni jñātaṃ śrutaṃ caiva samādhi sāram |
na tasya vijñānaśrutaṃ mahārthaṃ yaḥ sāhaso bhavati naraḥ pramattaḥ || 18 ||

The English translation of Verse 22.18 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (22.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vijnana, Sara, Subhashita, Jnata, Shrut, Shruta, Samadha, Samadhin, Tad, Mahartha, Yah, Sahasa, Bhavati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Nara, Nri, Pramatta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 22.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vijñānasārāṇi subhāṣitāni jñātaṃ śrutaṃ caiva samādhi sāram
  • vijñāna -
  • vijñāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sārāṇi -
  • sāra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • subhāṣitāni -
  • subhāṣita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • jñātam -
  • jñāta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jñāta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jñātā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jñā -> jñāta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jñā class 3 verb], [accusative single from √jñā class 9 verb]
    jñā -> jñāta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jñā class 3 verb], [accusative single from √jñā class 3 verb], [nominative single from √jñā class 9 verb], [accusative single from √jñā class 9 verb]
  • śrutam -
  • śruta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śruta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śrutā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śrut (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    śrut (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    śru -> śruta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru -> śruta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative single from √śru class 5 verb]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • samādhi -
  • samādhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    samādhin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    samādhin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    samādhā (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • sāram -
  • sāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sṛ -> sāram (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √sṛ]
    sṛ -> sāram (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √sṛ]
  • Line 2: “na tasya vijñānaśrutaṃ mahārthaṃ yaḥ sāhaso bhavati naraḥ pramattaḥ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vijñāna -
  • vijñāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śrutam -
  • śruta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śruta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śrutā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śrut (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    śrut (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    śru -> śruta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śru class 5 verb]
    śru -> śruta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śru class 5 verb], [accusative single from √śru class 5 verb]
  • mahārtham -
  • mahārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mahārtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mahārthā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sāhaso* -
  • sāhasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhavati -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • pramattaḥ -
  • pramatta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
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