Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

प्रदीपेन तु रूपाणि चक्षुष्मान् पश्यते यथा ।
एवं श्रुत्वा विजानाति धर्मान् कल्याणपापकान् ॥ ५ ॥

pradīpena tu rūpāṇi cakṣuṣmān paśyate yathā |
evaṃ śrutvā vijānāti dharmān kalyāṇapāpakān || 5 ||

The English translation of Verse 22.5 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (22.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pradipa, Rupa, Cakshushmat, Pashyat, Pashyata, Yatha, Evam, Eva, Vijana, Ati, Dharma, Kalyana, Papaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 22.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pradīpena tu rūpāṇi cakṣuṣmān paśyate yathā
  • pradīpena -
  • pradīpa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • rūpāṇi -
  • rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • cakṣuṣmān -
  • cakṣuṣmat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • paśyate -
  • paśyat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    paśyat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    paśyata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    paśyata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    paśyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    paś (verb class 10)
    [present passive third single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • Line 2: “evaṃ śrutvā vijānāti dharmān kalyāṇapāpakān
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • vijānā -
  • vijāna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
  • dharmān -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • kalyāṇa -
  • kalyāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kalyāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pāpakān -
  • pāpaka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
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