Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

तस्यैव पापं भवति यः क्रुद्धे क्रुध्यते पुनः ।
क्रुद्धेष्व् अक्रुद्धमानस् तु संग्रामं दुर्जयं जयेत् ॥ १८ ॥

tasyaiva pāpaṃ bhavati yaḥ kruddhe krudhyate punaḥ |
kruddheṣv akruddhamānas tu saṃgrāmaṃ durjayaṃ jayet || 18 ||

The English translation of Verse 20.18 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (20.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tas, Papam, Papa, Bhavati, Bhavat, Bhavant, Yah, Kruddha, Krudhyat, Krudhyata, Puna, Ana, Sangrama, Durjaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 20.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasyaiva pāpaṃ bhavati yaḥ kruddhe krudhyate punaḥ
  • tasyai -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single], [imperative middle first single], [imperative passive first single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • pāpam -
  • pāpam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pāpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pāpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhavati -
  • bhavatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kruddhe -
  • kruddha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kruddha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kruddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    krudh -> kruddha (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √krudh class 4 verb]
    krudh -> kruddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √krudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √krudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √krudh class 4 verb], [locative single from √krudh class 4 verb]
    krudh -> kruddhā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √krudh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √krudh class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √krudh class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √krudh class 4 verb]
  • krudhyate -
  • krudhyat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    krudhyat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    krudhyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    krudh -> krudhyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √krudh class 4 verb]
    krudh -> krudhyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √krudh class 4 verb]
    krudh (verb class 4)
    [present passive third single]
  • punaḥ -
  • pu (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    puna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “kruddheṣv akruddhamānas tu saṃgrāmaṃ durjayaṃ jayet
  • Cannot analyse kruddheṣv*ak
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kruddham -
  • kruddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kruddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kruddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    krudh -> kruddha (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √krudh class 4 verb]
    krudh -> kruddha (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √krudh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √krudh class 4 verb]
  • ānas -
  • āna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    an (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • saṅgrāmam -
  • saṅgrāma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṅgrāma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • durjayam -
  • durjaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    durjaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    durjayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jayet -
  • ji (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
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