Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

स्मृतिमन्तः प्रयुज्यन्ते न निकेते रमन्ति ते ।
हंसवत् पल्वलं हित्वा ह्य् ओकम् ओघं जहन्ते ते ॥ १ ॥

smṛtimantaḥ prayujyante na nikete ramanti te |
haṃsavat palvalaṃ hitvā hy okam oghaṃ jahante te || 1 ||

The English translation of Verse 17.1 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Smritimat, Prayuj, Anta, Anti, Niketa, Ramat, Ramanti, Tad, Yushmad, Hamsavat, Palvala, Hitva, Hitvan, Oka, Ogha, Hanti, Hanta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 17.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “smṛtimantaḥ prayujyante na nikete ramanti te
  • smṛtimantaḥ -
  • smṛtimat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • prayujya -
  • prayuj (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    prayuj (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prayuj (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ante -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    anta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    antā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    anti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ant (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nikete -
  • niketa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ramanti -
  • ram -> ramat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √ram class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ram class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √ram class 1 verb]
    ram -> ramantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √ram class 1 verb]
    ram (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “haṃsavat palvalaṃ hitvā hy okam oghaṃ jahante te
  • haṃsavat -
  • haṃsavat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    haṃsavat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • palvalam -
  • palvala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hitvā -
  • hitvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    hi -> hitvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √hi]
    hitvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Cannot analyse hy*ok
  • okam -
  • oka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • ogham -
  • ogha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • ja -
  • ja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ja (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hante -
  • hanti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    hantā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    hanta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hanta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
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