Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

कर्मारो रजतस्यैव हरध्वं मलं आत्मनः ।
निर्धान्तमला ह्य् अनङ्गणा न पुनर् जाति जराम् उपेष्यथ ॥ ३ ॥

karmāro rajatasyaiva haradhvaṃ malaṃ ātmanaḥ |
nirdhāntamalā hy anaṅgaṇā na punar jāti jarām upeṣyatha || 3 ||

The English translation of Verse 16.3 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (16.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Karmara, Rajata, Mala, Atman, Nih, Dhanta, Ananga, Punar, Jati, Jara, Upa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 16.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “karmāro rajatasyaiva haradhvaṃ malaṃ ātmanaḥ
  • karmāro* -
  • karmāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rajatasyai -
  • rajata (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    rajata (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • haradhvam -
  • hṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative middle second plural]
  • malam -
  • mala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    malā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ātmanaḥ -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “nirdhāntamalā hy anaṅgaṇā na punar jāti jarām upeṣyatha
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhāntam -
  • dhānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • alā* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*an
  • anaṅga -
  • anaṅga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    anaṅga (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    aṅg (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • ṇā* -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • jāti -
  • jāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jātī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • jarām -
  • jarā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • upe -
  • upā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    upā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • iṣyatha -
  • iṣ (verb class 4)
    [present active second plural]
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