Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

सुप्रबुद्धं प्रबुध्यन्ते इमे गौतम श्रावकाः ।
येषां दिवा च रात्रौ च विवेकाभिरतं मनः ॥ २१ ॥

suprabuddhaṃ prabudhyante ime gautama śrāvakāḥ |
yeṣāṃ divā ca rātrau ca vivekābhirataṃ manaḥ || 21 ||

The English translation of Verse 15.21 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (15.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Suprabuddha, Prabudh, Anta, Anti, Iyam, Idam, Gautama, Shravaka, Yah, Yat, Diva, Div, Divan, Ratrau, Ratra, Viveka, Abhirata, Mana, Manas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 15.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “suprabuddhaṃ prabudhyante ime gautama śrāvakāḥ
  • suprabuddham -
  • suprabuddha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    suprabuddha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    suprabuddhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • prabudhya -
  • prabudh (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    prabudh (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prabudh (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ante -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    anta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    antā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    anti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ant (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative active second single]
  • ime -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • gautama -
  • gautama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gautama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śrāvakāḥ -
  • śrāvaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “yeṣāṃ divā ca rātrau ca vivekābhirataṃ manaḥ
  • yeṣām -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • divā -
  • divā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    div (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    divan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    divā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rātrau -
  • rātrau (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    rātra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vivekā -
  • viveka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • abhiratam -
  • abhirata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    abhirata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    abhiratā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • manaḥ -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
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