Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

जागरन्तः शृणुध्वं मे सुप्ताश् च प्रतिबुध्यत ।
सुप्तेषु जागरं श्रेया न हि जागरतो भयम् ॥ ७ ॥

jāgarantaḥ śṛṇudhvaṃ me suptāś ca pratibudhyata |
supteṣu jāgaraṃ śreyā na hi jāgarato bhayam || 7 ||

The English translation of Verse 15.7 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (15.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jagarat, Dhu, Asmad, Supta, Prati, Budhya, Budh, Jagaram, Jagara, Shreya, Bhaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 15.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jāgarantaḥ śṛṇudhvaṃ me suptāś ca pratibudhyata
  • jāgarantaḥ -
  • jāgṛ -> jāgarat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √jāgṛ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √jāgṛ class 1 verb]
  • śṛṇu -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dhva -
  • dhu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dhū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • suptāś -
  • supta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    suptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    svap -> supta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √svap class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √svap class 2 verb]
    svap -> suptā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √svap class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √svap class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √svap class 2 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • budhya -
  • budhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    budhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    budh -> budhya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √budh]
    budh -> budhya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √budh]
    budh (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    budh (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ata -
  • at (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Line 2: “supteṣu jāgaraṃ śreyā na hi jāgarato bhayam
  • supteṣu -
  • supta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    supta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
    svap -> supta (participle, masculine)
    [locative plural from √svap class 2 verb]
    svap -> supta (participle, neuter)
    [locative plural from √svap class 2 verb]
  • jāgaram -
  • jāgaram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    jāgara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jāgara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jāgarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śreyā* -
  • śrā -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śrā class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śrā class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √śrā class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √śrā class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √śrā class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √śrā class 4 verb]
    śrā -> śreyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śrā class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śrā class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √śrā class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √śrā class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √śrā class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √śrā class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √śrā class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √śrā class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √śrā class 4 verb]
    śrai -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śrai class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śrai class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √śrai class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √śrai class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √śrai class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √śrai class 4 verb]
    śrai -> śreyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śrai class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śrai class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √śrai class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √śrai class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √śrai class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √śrai class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √śrai class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √śrai class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √śrai class 4 verb]
    śri -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śri class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śri class 1 verb]
    śri -> śreyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śri class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śri class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √śri class 1 verb]
    śrī -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √śrī class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √śrī class 9 verb]
    śrī -> śreyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √śrī class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √śrī class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √śrī class 9 verb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • jāgarato* -
  • jāgṛ -> jāgarat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √jāgṛ class 1 verb], [ablative single from √jāgṛ class 1 verb], [genitive single from √jāgṛ class 1 verb]
    jāgṛ -> jāgarat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √jāgṛ class 1 verb], [genitive single from √jāgṛ class 1 verb]
    jāgṛ (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • bhayam -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
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