Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यो जागरेत् स्मृतिमान् सम्प्रजानः समाहितो मुदितो विप्रसन्नः ।
कालेन धर्मान् मीमांसमानः सोऽतिक्रमेज् जाति जरां सशोकाम् ॥ ५ ॥

yo jāgaret smṛtimān samprajānaḥ samāhito mudito viprasannaḥ |
kālena dharmān mīmāṃsamānaḥ so'tikramej jāti jarāṃ saśokām || 5 ||

The English translation of Verse 15.5 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (15.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Smritimat, Praja, Samahita, Mudita, Viprasanna, Kalena, Kala, Dharmat, Dharma, Mimamsamana, Jati, Jara, Sashoka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 15.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo jāgaret smṛtimān samprajānaḥ samāhito mudito viprasannaḥ
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jāgaret -
  • jāgṛ (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • smṛtimān -
  • smṛtimat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sam -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • prajān -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • aḥ -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • samāhito* -
  • samāhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mudito* -
  • mudita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mud -> mudita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √mud class 1 verb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √mud class 10 verb]
  • viprasannaḥ -
  • viprasanna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “kālena dharmān mīmāṃsamānaḥ so'tikramej jāti jarāṃ saśokām
  • kālena -
  • kālena (indeclinable)
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • dharmān -
  • dharmāt (indeclinable)
    dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
  • mīmāṃsamānaḥ -
  • man -> mīmāṃsamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √man]
  • Cannot analyse so'tikramej*jā
  • jāti -
  • jāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jātī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • jarām -
  • jarā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • saśokām -
  • saśokā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
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