Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

नित्यं स्मृतो भिक्षुर् अधिष्ठमानो लभेत पूर्वापरतो विशेषम् ।
लब्ध्वा च पूर्वापरतो विशेषम् अदर्शनं मृत्यु राजस्य गच्छेत् ॥ २ ॥

nityaṃ smṛto bhikṣur adhiṣṭhamāno labheta pūrvāparato viśeṣam |
labdhvā ca pūrvāparato viśeṣam adarśanaṃ mṛtyu rājasya gacchet || 2 ||

The English translation of Verse 15.2 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (15.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nityam, Nitya, Smrita, Bhikshu, Adhi, Tha, Ana, Purvapara, Tas, Vishesha, Adarshana, Raja,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 15.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nityaṃ smṛto bhikṣur adhiṣṭhamāno labheta pūrvāparato viśeṣam
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • smṛto* -
  • smṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
  • bhikṣur -
  • bhikṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • adhiṣ -
  • adhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    adhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṭham -
  • ṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • āno* -
  • āna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    an (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • labheta -
  • labh (verb class 1)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
  • pūrvāpara -
  • pūrvāpara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pūrvāpara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • to* -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • viśeṣam -
  • viśeṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viśeṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viśeṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “labdhvā ca pūrvāparato viśeṣam adarśanaṃ mṛtyu rājasya gacchet
  • labdhvā -
  • labh -> labdhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √labh]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pūrvāpara -
  • pūrvāpara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pūrvāpara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • to* -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • viśeṣam -
  • viśeṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viśeṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viśeṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • adarśanam -
  • adarśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adarśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adarśanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mṛtyu -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • rājasya -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • gacchet -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
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