Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

हन्तारं लभते हन्ता वैरी वैराणि पश्यति ।
अक्रोष्टारं तथाक्रोष्टा रोषितारं च रोषकः ॥ ३ ॥

hantāraṃ labhate hantā vairī vairāṇi paśyati |
akroṣṭāraṃ tathākroṣṭā roṣitāraṃ ca roṣakaḥ || 3 ||

The English translation of Verse 14.3 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hantri, Labhat, Hanta, Vairi, Vairin, Vaira, Pashyat, Akra, Ushtri, Tatha, Kroshta, Roshita, Aram, Ara, Roshaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 14.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “hantāraṃ labhate hantā vairī vairāṇi paśyati
  • hantāram -
  • hantṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • labhate -
  • labh -> labhat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh -> labhat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • hantā* -
  • hantā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    hanta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • vairī -
  • vairi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vairin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vairāṇi -
  • vaira (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • paśyati -
  • paśyat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    paśyat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • Line2: “akroṣṭāraṃ tathākroṣṭā roṣitāraṃ ca roṣakaḥ
  • akro -
  • akra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    akra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    akrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • uṣṭāram -
  • uṣṭṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kroṣṭā* -
  • kroṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kroṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • roṣitā -
  • roṣita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    roṣita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ruṣ -> roṣita (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √ruṣ]
    ruṣ -> roṣita (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √ruṣ]
    roṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    ruṣ -> roṣita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ruṣ]
    ruṣ -> roṣita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ruṣ]
    ruṣ -> roṣitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √ruṣ]
    ruṣ (verb class 1)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
    ruṣ (verb class 4)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • aram -
  • aram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    arā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • roṣakaḥ -
  • roṣaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
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