Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

एकायनं जाति जरान्तदर्शी मार्गं वदत्य् एष हितानुकम्पी ।
एतेन मार्गेण हि तीर्णवन्तस् तरिष्यते ये प्रतरन्ति चौघम् ॥ १३ ॥

ekāyanaṃ jāti jarāntadarśī mārgaṃ vadaty eṣa hitānukampī |
etena mārgeṇa hi tīrṇavantas tariṣyate ye prataranti caugham || 13 ||

The English translation of Verse 12.13 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ekayana, Jati, Jara, Tad, Tat, Arshin, Marga, Esha, Hita, Anukampin, Eta, Etad, Tirnavat, Tarishyat, Yah, Yat, Prata, Augha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 12.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ekāyanaṃ jāti jarāntadarśī mārgaṃ vadaty eṣa hitānukampī
  • ekāyanam -
  • ekāyana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ekāyana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ekāyanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jāti -
  • jāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jātī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • jarān -
  • jara (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • arśī -
  • arśin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mārgam -
  • mārga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mārga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mārgā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse vadaty*eṣ
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • hitā -
  • hita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    hitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    hi -> hita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> hita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √hi class 5 verb]
    hi -> hitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √hi class 5 verb]
  • anukampī -
  • anukampin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “etena mārgeṇa hi tīrṇavantas tariṣyate ye prataranti caugham
  • etena -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • mārgeṇa -
  • mārga (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    mārga (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tīrṇavantas -
  • tṝ -> tīrṇavat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 3 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √tṝ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 6 verb]
  • tariṣyate -
  • tṝ -> tariṣyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √tṝ class 1 verb], [dative single from √tṝ class 3 verb], [dative single from √tṝ class 5 verb], [dative single from √tṝ class 6 verb]
    tṝ -> tariṣyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √tṝ class 1 verb], [dative single from √tṝ class 3 verb], [dative single from √tṝ class 5 verb], [dative single from √tṝ class 6 verb]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • prata -
  • prata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ranti -
  • ranti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ranti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • cau -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • augham -
  • augha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
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