Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

कल्याणिकां विमुञ्चेत नैव मुञ्चेत पापिकाम् ।
मुक्ता कल्याणिकी श्रेयो मुक्ता तपति पापिका ॥ ८ ॥

kalyāṇikāṃ vimuñceta naiva muñceta pāpikām |
muktā kalyāṇikī śreyo muktā tapati pāpikā || 8 ||

The English translation of Verse 8.8 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kalyanika, Naiva, Papika, Mukta, Shreyah, Shreyas, Shreya, Tapat, Tapati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 8.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “kalyāṇikāṃ vimuñceta naiva muñceta pāpikām
  • kalyāṇikām -
  • kalyāṇikā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • muñceta -
  • muc (verb class 6)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
    muñc (verb class 1)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
  • naiva -
  • naiva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • muñceta -
  • muc (verb class 6)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
    muñc (verb class 1)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
  • pāpikām -
  • pāpikā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “muktā kalyāṇikī śreyo muktā tapati pāpikā
  • muktā -
  • muktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    muc -> muktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> muktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> muktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • Cannot analyse kalyāṇikī*śr
  • śreyo* -
  • śreyaḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    śreyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śreyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śrā -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śrā class 1 verb], [nominative single from √śrā class 2 verb], [nominative single from √śrā class 4 verb]
    śrai -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śrai class 1 verb], [nominative single from √śrai class 2 verb], [nominative single from √śrai class 4 verb]
    śri -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śri class 1 verb]
    śrī -> śreya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śrī class 9 verb]
  • muktā -
  • muktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    muc -> muktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> muktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> muktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • tapati -
  • tapatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    tapat (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    tapat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    tapat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    tap -> tapat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √tap class 1 verb]
    tap -> tapat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √tap class 1 verb]
    tap (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • pāpikā -
  • pāpikā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
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