Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

शतं सहस्राणि निरर्बुदानि षट् त्रिंशतिं पञ्च तथार्बुदानि ।
यान् आर्यगर्ही नरकान् उपैति वाचं मनश् च प्रणिधाय पापकम् ॥ ५ ॥

śataṃ sahasrāṇi nirarbudāni ṣaṭ triṃśatiṃ pañca tathārbudāni |
yān āryagarhī narakān upaiti vācaṃ manaś ca praṇidhāya pāpakam || 5 ||

The English translation of Verse 8.5 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shata, Sahasra, Nirarbuda, Ani, Shat, Shash, Trimshati, Panca, Tatha, Arbuda, Yat, Yah, Arya, Garhin, Naraka, Upa, Vac, Vaca, Mana, Manas, Prani, Dha, Dhaya, Papaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 8.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śataṃ sahasrāṇi nirarbudāni ṣaṭ triṃśatiṃ pañca tathārbudāni
  • śatam -
  • śata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • sahasrāṇi -
  • sahasra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nirarbudā -
  • nirarbuda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ani -
  • ani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • ṣaṭ -
  • ṣaṭ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ṣaṣ (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ṣaṣ (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • triṃśatim -
  • triṃśati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • pañca -
  • pañca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pañca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pañc (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arbudā -
  • arbuda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ani -
  • ani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “yān āryagarhī narakān upaiti vācaṃ manaś ca praṇidhāya pāpakam
  • yān -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yāt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ārya -
  • ārya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ārya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ār -> ārya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √ār]
    ār (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • garhī -
  • garhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • narakān -
  • naraka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • upai -
  • upā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    upā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • eti -
  • eti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • vācam -
  • vācā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vāca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāc (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • manaś -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • praṇi -
  • praṇī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    praṇī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • dhāya -
  • dhāya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhāya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhā -> dhāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> dhāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> dhāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dhā -> dhāya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dhā]
    dha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    dha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    dhā (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pāpakam -
  • pāpaka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāpaka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
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