Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यो निन्दियां प्रशंसति तान् अपि निन्दति ये प्रशंसियाः ।
स चिनोति मुखेन तं कलिं कलिना तेन सुखं न विन्दति ॥ ३ ॥

yo nindiyāṃ praśaṃsati tān api nindati ye praśaṃsiyāḥ |
sa cinoti mukhena taṃ kaliṃ kalinā tena sukhaṃ na vindati || 3 ||

The English translation of Verse 8.3 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Nindin, Prashamsat, Api, Nindat, Yat, Prashamsin, Mukhena, Mukha, Kali, Tad, Tena, Sukham, Sukha, Vindat, Vindati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 8.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo nindiyāṃ praśaṃsati tān api nindati ye praśaṃsiyāḥ
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nindi -
  • nindin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nindin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • praśaṃsati -
  • praśaṃsat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    praśaṃsat (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    praśaṃsat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • tān -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • nindati -
  • nind -> nindat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √nind class 1 verb]
    nind -> nindat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √nind class 1 verb]
    nind (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • praśaṃsi -
  • praśaṃsin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    praśaṃsin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yāḥ -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “sa cinoti mukhena taṃ kaliṃ kalinā tena sukhaṃ na vindati
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cinoti -
  • ci (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • mukhena -
  • mukhena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    mukha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    mukha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kalim -
  • kali (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kalinā -
  • kali (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    kalī (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vindati -
  • vindati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vindati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vindati (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vid -> vindat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vindat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vindat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid -> vindat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid -> vindatī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present active third single]
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