Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

शीलं यावज् जरा साधु श्रद्धा साधु प्रतिष्ठिता ।
प्रज्ञा नराणां रत्नं वै पुण्यं चोरैः सुदुर्हरम् ॥ ४ ॥

śīlaṃ yāvaj jarā sādhu śraddhā sādhu pratiṣṭhitā |
prajñā narāṇāṃ ratnaṃ vai puṇyaṃ coraiḥ sudurharam || 4 ||

The English translation of Verse 6.4 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shil, Shila, Jara, Sadhu, Shraddha, Pratishthita, Prajna, Nara, Ratna, Punya, Cora, Sut, Hara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 6.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śīlaṃ yāvaj jarā sādhu śraddhā sādhu pratiṣṭhitā
  • śīlam -
  • śīla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śīla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śīlā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    śīl (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse yāvaj*ja
  • jarā -
  • jarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sādhu -
  • sādhu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sādhu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    sādhu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sādhu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • śraddhā -
  • śraddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sādhu -
  • sādhu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sādhu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    sādhu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sādhu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • pratiṣṭhitā -
  • pratiṣṭhitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “prajñā narāṇāṃ ratnaṃ vai puṇyaṃ coraiḥ sudurharam
  • prajñā* -
  • prajña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prajñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • narāṇām -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    nara (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ratnam -
  • ratna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ratna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ratnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • puṇyam -
  • puṇya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    puṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    puṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
    puṇ -> puṇya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √puṇ class 10 verb], [accusative single from √puṇ class 10 verb]
  • coraiḥ -
  • cora (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sud -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    sut (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ur -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • haram -
  • hara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    harā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
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