Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

असन्तश् चैव सन्तश् च नाना यान्ति त्व् इतश् च्युताः ।
असन्तो नरकं यान्ति सन्तः स्वर्गपरायणाः ॥ २७ ॥

asantaś caiva santaś ca nānā yānti tv itaś cyutāḥ |
asanto narakaṃ yānti santaḥ svargaparāyaṇāḥ || 27 ||

The English translation of Verse 5.27 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.27). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Asat, Sat, Santa, Nana, Yantin, Yanti, Itah, Ita, Cyuta, Naraka, Svargapara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 5.27). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “asantaś caiva santaś ca nānā yānti tv itaś cyutāḥ
  • asantaś -
  • asat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • santaś -
  • sat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    santa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sam -> santa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sam class 1 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nānā* -
  • nāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    nānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yānti -
  • yāntin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yāntin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yāntī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    yāntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    yāntī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse tv*it
  • itaś -
  • itaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> ita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • cyutāḥ -
  • cyuta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    cyutā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “asanto narakaṃ yānti santaḥ svargaparāyaṇāḥ
  • asanto* -
  • asat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • narakam -
  • naraka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    naraka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yānti -
  • yāntin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yāntin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yāntī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    yāntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    yāntī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • santaḥ -
  • sat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    santa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sam -> santa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sam class 1 verb]
  • svargaparāya -
  • svargapara (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    svargapara (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ṇāḥ -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
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