Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

अप्रमादरतो भिक्षुः प्रमादे भयदर्शकः ।
प्रतिविध्यते पदं शान्तं संस्कारोपशमं सुखम् ॥ ३१ ॥

apramādarato bhikṣuḥ pramāde bhayadarśakaḥ |
pratividhyate padaṃ śāntaṃ saṃskāropaśamaṃ sukham || 31 ||

The English translation of Verse 4.31 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Apramada, Rata, Bhikshu, Pramada, Pramadi, Bhayada, Risha, Kah, Pratividhi, Pada, Shanta, Samskara, Upashama, Sukham, Sukha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 4.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “apramādarato bhikṣuḥ pramāde bhayadarśakaḥ
  • apramāda -
  • apramāda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    apramāda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rato* -
  • rata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ram -> rata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ram class 1 verb]
  • bhikṣuḥ -
  • bhikṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pramāde -
  • pramāda (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pramādi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    pramādi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • bhayadar -
  • bhayada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhayada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhayadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛśa -
  • ṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kaḥ -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “pratividhyate padaṃ śāntaṃ saṃskāropaśamaṃ sukham
  • pratividhya -
  • pratividhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ate -
  • padam -
  • pada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śāntam -
  • śānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śāntā (noun, feminine)
    śam -> śānta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śam class 4 verb], [accusative single from √śam class 9 verb]
    śam -> śānta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śam class 4 verb], [accusative single from √śam class 4 verb], [nominative single from √śam class 9 verb], [accusative single from √śam class 9 verb]
  • saṃskāro -
  • saṃskāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṃskārā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upaśamam -
  • upaśama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
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