Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

गृद्धा हि कामेषु नराः प्रमत्ता ह्य् अधर्मे बत ते रताः ।
अन्तरायं न ते पश्यन्त्य् अल्पके जीविते सति ॥ १५ ॥

gṛddhā hi kāmeṣu narāḥ pramattā hy adharme bata te ratāḥ |
antarāyaṃ na te paśyanty alpake jīvite sati || 15 ||

The English translation of Verse 2.15 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Griddha, Kama, Nara, Adharma, Bata, Tad, Yushmad, Rata, Antaraya, Alpaka, Jivita, Sat, Sati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gṛddhā hi kāmeṣu narāḥ pramattā hy adharme bata te ratāḥ
  • gṛddhā* -
  • gṛddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gṛddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kāmeṣu -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • narāḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pramattā* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*ad
  • adharme -
  • adharma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    adharmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • bata -
  • bata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • ratāḥ -
  • rata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ratā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    ram -> rata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √ram class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ram class 1 verb]
    ram -> ratā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √ram class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ram class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √ram class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “antarāyaṃ na te paśyanty alpake jīvite sati
  • antarāyam -
  • antarāya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • Cannot analyse paśyanty*al
  • alpake -
  • alpaka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    alpaka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • jīvite -
  • jīvita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jīvita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    jīvitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [locative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • sati -
  • satī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    sati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
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