Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यावत् कामान् अनुसरन् न तृप्तिं मनसोऽध्यगात् ।
ततो निवृत्तिं प्रतिपश्यमानास् ते वै तृप्ताः प्रज्ञया ये सुतृप्ताः ॥ १३ ॥

yāvat kāmān anusaran na tṛptiṃ manaso'dhyagāt |
tato nivṛttiṃ pratipaśyamānās te vai tṛptāḥ prajñayā ye sutṛptāḥ || 13 ||

The English translation of Verse 2.13 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yavat, Kama, Anu, Sarat, Tripti, Manas, Manasa, Adhi, Aga, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Nivritti, Pratipa, Shi, Amana, Yushmad, Tripta, Prajna, Yah, Yat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yāvat kāmān anusaran na tṛptiṃ manaso'dhyagāt
  • yāvat -
  • yāvat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yāvat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yāvat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kāmān -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • anu -
  • anu (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    anu (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    anu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    anu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • saran -
  • sarat (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    sarat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sṛ -> sarat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √sṛ class 1 verb]
    sṛ -> sarat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √sṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sṛ class 1 verb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tṛptim -
  • tṛpti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    tṛpti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • manaso' -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    manasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • adhya -
  • adhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    adhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    adhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    adhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    adhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dhā (verb class 1)
    [aorist middle first single]
    dhā (verb class 2)
    [aorist middle first single]
    dhā (verb class 3)
    [aorist middle first single]
    dhā (verb class 4)
    [aorist middle first single]
    adhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • agāt -
  • aga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    aga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single], [aorist active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “tato nivṛttiṃ pratipaśyamānās te vai tṛptāḥ prajñayā ye sutṛptāḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • nivṛttim -
  • nivṛtti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • pratipa -
  • pratipa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śya -
  • śi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śā (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • amānā -
  • amāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • as -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • tṛptāḥ -
  • tṛpta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tṛptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tṛp -> tṛpta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb]
    tṛp -> tṛptā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb]
  • prajñayā -
  • prajñā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • su -
  • (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tṛptāḥ -
  • tṛpta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tṛptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tṛp -> tṛpta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb]
    tṛp -> tṛptā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √tṛp class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √tṛp class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √tṛp class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √tṛp class 6 verb]
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