Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

छन्द जातो ह्य् अवस्रावी मनसानाविलो भवेत् ।
कामेषु त्व् अप्रतिबद्ध चित्त ऊर्ध्व स्रोतो निरुच्यते ॥ ९ ॥

chanda jāto hy avasrāvī manasānāvilo bhavet |
kāmeṣu tv apratibaddha citta ūrdhva sroto nirucyate || 9 ||

The English translation of Verse 2.9 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Chanda, Ava, Sravin, Manasa, Avila, Kama, Aprati, Baddha, Citta, Urdhva, Srota, Srotas, Nih, Ucyat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “chanda jāto hy avasrāvī manasānāvilo bhavet
  • chanda -
  • chanda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    chanda (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    chand (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • jāto* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*av
  • ava -
  • ava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    av (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    u (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • srāvī -
  • srāvin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • manasān -
  • manasa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • āvilo* -
  • āvila (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhavet -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “kāmeṣu tv apratibaddha citta ūrdhva sroto nirucyate
  • kāmeṣu -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • Cannot analyse tv*ap
  • aprati -
  • aprati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    aprati (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    aprati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • baddha -
  • baddha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    baddha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • citta* -
  • citta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    cit (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • ūrdhva -
  • ūrdhva (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ūrdhva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ūrdhva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sroto* -
  • srotas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    srota (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
  • ucyate -
  • uc -> ucyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    uc -> ucyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √uc class 4 verb]
    vac (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [present passive third single]
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