Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

इदं कृतं मे कर्तव्यम् इदं कृत्वा भविष्यति ।
इत्य् एवं स्पन्दतो मर्त्यान् जरा मृत्युश् च मर्दति ॥ ४१ ॥

idaṃ kṛtaṃ me kartavyam idaṃ kṛtvā bhaviṣyati |
ity evaṃ spandato martyān jarā mṛtyuś ca mardati || 41 ||

The English translation of Verse 1.41 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Idam, Krit, Krita, Asmad, Kartavya, Kritva, Kritvan, Bhavishyat, Evam, Eva, Spanda, Tas, Martya, Jara, Jaras, Mrityu, Mardat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 1.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “idaṃ kṛtaṃ me kartavyam idaṃ kṛtvā bhaviṣyati
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • kartavyam -
  • kartavya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kartavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kartavyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
    kṛ -> kartavya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 3 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 6 verb]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhaviṣyati -
  • bhaviṣyat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhaviṣyat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [future active third single]
  • Line 2: “ity evaṃ spandato martyān jarā mṛtyuś ca mardati
  • Cannot analyse ity*ev
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • spanda -
  • spanda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • to* -
  • tas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • martyān -
  • martya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • jarā* -
  • jara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    jaras (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    jaras (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mṛtyuś -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mardati -
  • mṛd -> mardat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √mṛd class 1 verb]
    mṛd -> mardat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √mṛd class 1 verb]
    mṛd (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
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