Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

सदा व्रजन्ति ह्य् अनिवर्तमाना दिवा च रात्रौ च विलुज्यमानाः ।
मत्स्या इवातीव हि तप्यमाना दुह्खेन जाति मरणेन युक्ताः ॥ ३१ ॥

sadā vrajanti hy anivartamānā divā ca rātrau ca vilujyamānāḥ |
matsyā ivātīva hi tapyamānā duhkhena jāti maraṇena yuktāḥ || 31 ||

The English translation of Verse 1.31 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sada, Vrajat, Vrajanti, Ani, Vartamana, Diva, Div, Divan, Ratrau, Ratra, Jya, Ana, Matsya, Iva, Ativa, Jati, Marana, Yukta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 1.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “sadā vrajanti hy anivartamānā divā ca rātrau ca vilujyamānāḥ
  • sadā* -
  • sada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vrajanti -
  • vraj -> vrajat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √vraj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vraj class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj -> vrajantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √vraj class 1 verb]
    vraj (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • Cannot analyse hy*an
  • ani -
  • ani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    anī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • vartamānā* -
  • vartamāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vartamānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛt class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartamānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √vṛt class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vṛt class 1 verb]
  • divā -
  • divā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    div (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    divan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    divā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rātrau -
  • rātrau (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    rātra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • lu -
  • lo (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • jyam -
  • jya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ānāḥ -
  • āna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line2: “matsyā ivātīva hi tapyamānā duhkhena jāti maraṇena yuktāḥ
  • matsyā* -
  • matsya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    matsyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • atīva -
  • atīva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atīva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tapyamānā* -
  • Cannot analyse duhkhena*jā
  • jāti -
  • jāti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jātī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • maraṇena -
  • maraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • yuktāḥ -
  • yukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    yuktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √yuj class 7 verb], [vocative plural from √yuj class 7 verb]
    yuj -> yuktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √yuj class 7 verb], [vocative plural from √yuj class 7 verb], [accusative plural from √yuj class 7 verb]
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