Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

अनेकानि सहस्राणि नर नारी शतानि च ।
भोगान् वै समुदानीय वशं गच्छन्ति मृत्युनः ॥ २१ ॥

anekāni sahasrāṇi nara nārī śatāni ca |
bhogān vai samudānīya vaśaṃ gacchanti mṛtyunaḥ || 21 ||

The English translation of Verse 1.21 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aneka, Sahasra, Nara, Nari, Shata, Bhoga, Samud, Samuda, Vasha, Gacchat, Mriti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 1.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “anekāni sahasrāṇi nara nārī śatāni ca
  • anekāni -
  • aneka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sahasrāṇi -
  • sahasra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nara -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nārī -
  • nārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    nāri (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • śatāni -
  • śata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “bhogān vai samudānīya vaśaṃ gacchanti mṛtyunaḥ
  • bhogān -
  • bhoga (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • samudā -
  • samud (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    samud (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    samudā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • nīya -
  • -> nīya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
  • vaśam -
  • vaśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vaśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vaśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gacchanti -
  • gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • mṛtyu -
  • mṛti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • unaḥ -
  • ū (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
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