Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यथा दण्डेन गोपालो गाः प्रापयति गोचरम् ।
एवं रोगैर् जरा मृत्युः आयुः प्रापयते नृणाम् ॥ १७ ॥

yathā daṇḍena gopālo gāḥ prāpayati gocaram |
evaṃ rogair jarā mṛtyuḥ āyuḥ prāpayate nṛṇām || 17 ||

The English translation of Verse 1.17 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yatha, Danda, Gopala, Prapa, Yat, Yati, Gocara, Evam, Eva, Roga, Jara, Jaras, Mrityu, Ayu, Ayus, Yata, Nri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 1.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yathā daṇḍena gopālo gāḥ prāpayati gocaram
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • daṇḍena -
  • daṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • gopālo* -
  • gopāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gāḥ -
  • ga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    go (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    (verb class 2)
    [injunctive active second single]
    (verb class 3)
    [injunctive active second single]
  • prāpa -
  • prāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yati -
  • yati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yatin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yatī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • gocaram -
  • gocara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gocara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gocarā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “evaṃ rogair jarā mṛtyuḥ āyuḥ prāpayate nṛṇām
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • rogair -
  • roga (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • jarā* -
  • jara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    jaras (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    jaras (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mṛtyuḥ -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • āyuḥ -
  • āyus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    āyus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    āyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    āyu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • prāpa -
  • prāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prāpa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • yate -
  • yat (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    yatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    yati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    yati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [locative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    yam -> yatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [vocative single from √yam class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √yam class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √yam class 1 verb]
    yat (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • nṛṇām -
  • nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
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