Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.29

सूचीछिद्रोपममुखाः पर्वतोपमकुक्षयः ।
क्षुत्तर्षजनितैर्दुःखैः पीड्यन्ते दुःखभागिनः ॥ २९ ॥

sūcīchidropamamukhāḥ parvatopamakukṣayaḥ |
kṣuttarṣajanitairduḥkhaiḥ pīḍyante duḥkhabhāginaḥ || 29 ||

'Having mouths as small as the eye of a needle and bellies as big as a mountain, these miserable wretches are tortured with the pains of hunger and thirst.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.29). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Suci, Sucin, Chidra, Upama, Ukha, Parvata, Parvat, Kukshi, Kshut, Kshudh, Tarsha, Janita, Duhkha, Duhkhabhagin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.29). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “sūcīchidropamamukhāḥ parvatopamakukṣayaḥ
  • sūcī -
  • sūcī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    sūcī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    sūci (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sūci (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sūcin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • chidro -
  • chidra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    chidra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    chidrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upamam -
  • upama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    upama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    upamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ukhāḥ -
  • ukha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ukhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • parvato -
  • parvata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    parvata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    parvatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    parv -> parvat (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √parv class 1 verb]
    parv -> parvat (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √parv class 1 verb]
    parv (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • upama -
  • upama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kukṣayaḥ -
  • kukṣi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kukṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line2: “kṣuttarṣajanitairduḥkhaiḥ pīḍyante duḥkhabhāginaḥ
  • kṣut -
  • kṣut (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    kṣudh (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • tarṣa -
  • tarṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • janitair -
  • janita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    janita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    jan -> janita (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √jan class 10 verb], [instrumental plural from √jan]
    jan -> janita (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √jan class 10 verb], [instrumental plural from √jan]
  • duḥkhaiḥ -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • pīḍyante -
  • pīḍ (verb class 10)
    [present passive third plural]
  • duḥkhabhāginaḥ -
  • duḥkhabhāgin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    duḥkhabhāgin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.29

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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