Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.17

सुखं स्यादिति यत्कर्म कृतं दुःखनिवृत्तये ।
फलं तस्येदमवशैर्दुःखमेवोपभुज्यते ॥ १७ ॥

sukhaṃ syāditi yatkarma kṛtaṃ duḥkhanivṛttaye |
phalaṃ tasyedamavaśairduḥkhamevopabhujyate || 17 ||

'Whatever deed was done only to hinder pain with the hope that it might bring pleasure, its result is now experienced by these helpless victims as simple pain.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sukham, Sukha, Syat, Sya, Iti, Yat, Yad, Karman, Krit, Krita, Duhkha, Nivritti, Phala, Ama, Vasha, Duhkham, Eva, Upa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “sukhaṃ syāditi yatkarma kṛtaṃ duḥkhanivṛttaye
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • syād -
  • syāt (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    syāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • duḥkha -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nivṛttaye -
  • nivṛtti (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
  • Line2: “phalaṃ tasyedamavaśairduḥkhamevopabhujyate
  • phalam -
  • phala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    phala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    phalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tasyed -
  • tas (verb class 4)
    [optative active third single]
  • ama -
  • ama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vaśair -
  • vaśa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    vaśa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • evo -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upa -
  • upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • bhujyate -
  • bhuj (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    bhuj (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    bhuj (verb class 7)
    [present passive third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.17

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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