Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.16

पाट्यन्ते दारुवत् केचित्कुठारैर्बहुबाहवः ।
दुःखे ऽपि न विपद्यन्ते कर्मभिर्धारितासवः ॥ १६ ॥

pāṭyante dāruvat kecitkuṭhārairbahubāhavaḥ |
duḥkhe 'pi na vipadyante karmabhirdhāritāsavaḥ || 16 ||

'Others having many arms are split like timber with axes, but even in that agony they do not die, being supported in their vital powers by their previous actions.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ruvat, Kah, Kim, Cit, Kuthara, Bahubahu, Duhkha, Api, Vipad, Vipadi, Anta, Anti, Karman, Dharita, Asu, Asava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “pāṭyante dāruvat kecitkuṭhārairbahubāhavaḥ
  • pāṭyante -
  • paṭ (verb class 0)
    [present passive third plural]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ruvat -
  • ru -> ruvat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ru class 2 verb], [vocative single from √ru class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ru class 2 verb]
  • ke -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cit -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kuṭhārair -
  • kuṭhāra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • bahubāhavaḥ -
  • bahubāhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bahubāhu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line2: “duḥkhe 'pi na vipadyante karmabhirdhāritāsavaḥ
  • duḥkhe' -
  • duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vipadya -
  • vipadī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vipad (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • ante -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    anta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    antā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    anti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    ant (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • karmabhir -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • dhāritā -
  • dhārita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhārita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dhṛ -> dhārita (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √dhṛ]
    dhṛ -> dhārita (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √dhṛ]
    dhāritā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    dhṛ -> dhārita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √dhṛ]
    dhṛ -> dhārita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √dhṛ]
    dhṛ -> dhāritā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √dhṛ]
  • asavaḥ -
  • asu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    asava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.16

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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