Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.15

केचिद्दाहपरिश्रान्ताः शीतच्छायाभिकाङ्क्षिणः ।
असिपत्रं वनं नीलं बद्धा इव विशन्त्यमी ॥ १५ ॥

keciddāhapariśrāntāḥ śītacchāyābhikāṅkṣiṇaḥ |
asipatraṃ vanaṃ nīlaṃ baddhā iva viśantyamī || 15 ||

'Some, wearied of being burned, long for cold shade; these enter like bound captives into a dark blue wood with swords for leaves.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kah, Kim, Cit, Daha, Parishranta, Shita, Ccha, Abhikankshin, Asipatra, Vana, Nila, Baddha, Iva, Vishat, Vishanti, Amin, Adah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “keciddāhapariśrāntāḥ śītacchāyābhikāṅkṣiṇaḥ
  • ke -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cid -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dāha -
  • dāha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pariśrāntāḥ -
  • pariśrānta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pariśrāntā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śīta -
  • śīta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śīta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śi -> śīta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √śi class 3 verb], [vocative single from √śi class 5 verb]
    śi -> śīta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √śi class 3 verb], [vocative single from √śi class 5 verb]
    śī -> śīta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √śī class 4 verb]
    śī -> śīta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √śī class 4 verb]
    śyā -> śīta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √śyā class 1 verb]
    śyā -> śīta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √śyā class 1 verb]
  • cchāyā -
  • ccha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    ccha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • abhikāṅkṣiṇaḥ -
  • abhikāṅkṣin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    abhikāṅkṣin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line2: “asipatraṃ vanaṃ nīlaṃ baddhā iva viśantyamī
  • asipatram -
  • asipatra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    asipatra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vanam -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nīlam -
  • nīla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nīla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nīlā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • baddhā* -
  • baddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    baddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • viśantya -
  • viś -> viśat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √viś class 6 verb], [nominative plural from √viś class 6 verb], [vocative dual from √viś class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √viś class 6 verb], [accusative dual from √viś class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √viś class 6 verb]
    viś -> viśantī (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √viś class 6 verb], [vocative single from √viś class 6 verb]
    viś (verb class 6)
    [present active third plural]
  • amī -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    adaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.15

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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