Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.13

पच्यन्ते पिष्टवत्केचिदयस्कुम्भीष्ववाङ्मुखाः ।
दह्यन्ते करुणं केचिद्दीप्तेष्वङ्गारराशिषु ॥ १३ ॥

pacyante piṣṭavatkecidayaskumbhīṣvavāṅmukhāḥ |
dahyante karuṇaṃ keciddīpteṣvaṅgārarāśiṣu || 13 ||

'Others are baked like flour, thrown with their heads downwards into iron jars; others are miserably burned in heaps of heated charcoal;

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pishtavat, Kah, Kim, Cit, Ayaskumbhi, Avanmukha, Karunam, Karuna, Dipta, Angara, Rashi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pacyante piṣṭavatkecidayaskumbhīṣvavāṅmukhāḥ
  • pacyante -
  • pac (verb class 1)
    [present passive third plural]
    pac (verb class 4)
    [present middle third plural], [present passive third plural]
    pañc (verb class 1)
    [present passive third plural]
  • piṣṭavat -
  • piṣ -> piṣṭavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √piṣ class 7 verb], [vocative single from √piṣ class 7 verb], [accusative single from √piṣ class 7 verb]
    pich -> piṣṭavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √pich class 6 verb], [vocative single from √pich class 6 verb], [accusative single from √pich class 6 verb]
    pis -> piṣṭavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √pis class 1 verb], [vocative single from √pis class 1 verb], [accusative single from √pis class 1 verb], [nominative single from √pis class 4 verb], [vocative single from √pis class 4 verb], [accusative single from √pis class 4 verb]
    piś -> piṣṭavat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √piś class 6 verb], [vocative single from √piś class 6 verb], [accusative single from √piś class 6 verb]
  • ke -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cid -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ayaskumbhīṣva -
  • ayaskumbhī (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
  • avāṅmukhāḥ -
  • avāṅmukha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “dahyante karuṇaṃ keciddīpteṣvaṅgārarāśiṣu
  • dahyante -
  • dah (verb class 1)
    [present passive third plural]
  • karuṇam -
  • karuṇam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    karuṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    karuṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    karuṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ke -
  • ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    ka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cid -
  • cit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    cit (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dīpteṣva -
  • dīpta (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    dīpta (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • aṅgāra -
  • aṅgāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    aṅgāra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rāśiṣu -
  • rāśi (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    rāśī (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.13

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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