Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.9

सत्त्वानां पश्यतस्तस्य निकृष्टोत्कृष्टकर्मणाम् ।
प्रच्युतिं चोपपत्तिं च ववृधे करुणात्मता ॥ ९ ॥

sattvānāṃ paśyatastasya nikṛṣṭotkṛṣṭakarmaṇām |
pracyutiṃ copapattiṃ ca vavṛdhe karuṇātmatā || 9 ||

As he saw the various transmigrations and rebirths of the various beings with their several lower or higher merits from their actions, compassion grew up more within him.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sattva, Pashyat, Pashyata, Tad, Nikrishta, Utkrishta, Karman, Pracyuti, Patti, Karunatman, Tan,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sattvānāṃ paśyatastasya nikṛṣṭotkṛṣṭakarmaṇām
  • sattvānām -
  • sattva (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    sattva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • paśyatas -
  • paśyat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    paśyat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    paśyata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • nikṛṣṭo -
  • nikṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nikṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nikṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • utkṛṣṭa -
  • utkṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    utkṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • karmaṇām -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • Line 2: “pracyutiṃ copapattiṃ ca vavṛdhe karuṇātmatā
  • pracyutim -
  • pracyuti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • copa -
  • cup (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pattim -
  • patti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    patti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vavṛdhe -
  • vṛdh (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • karuṇātma -
  • karuṇātman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    karuṇātman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.9

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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