Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 14.4

स्मृत्वा जन्म च मृत्युं च तासु तासूपपत्तिषु ।
ततः सत्त्वेषु कारुण्यं चकार करुणात्मकः ॥ ४ ॥

smṛtvā janma ca mṛtyuṃ ca tāsu tāsūpapattiṣu |
tataḥ sattveṣu kāruṇyaṃ cakāra karuṇātmakaḥ || 4 ||

And having remembered each birth and each death in all those various transmigrations, the compassionate one then felt compassion for all living beings.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (14.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Janma, Janman, Mrityu, Upapatti, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Sattva, Karunya, Cakara, Karunatman, Kah,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 14.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “smṛtvā janma ca mṛtyuṃ ca tāsu tāsūpapattiṣu
  • smṛtvā -
  • smṛ -> smṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √smṛ]
  • janma -
  • janma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    janma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    janman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mṛtyum -
  • mṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tāsu -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
  • tāsū -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
  • upapattiṣu -
  • upapatti (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
  • Line2: “tataḥ sattveṣu kāruṇyaṃ cakāra karuṇātmakaḥ
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • sattveṣu -
  • sattva (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sattva (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • kāruṇyam -
  • kāruṇya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāruṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāruṇyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • karuṇātma -
  • karuṇātman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    karuṇātman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kaḥ -
  • kaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 14.4

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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