Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 13.61

तल्लोकमार्त्तं करुणायमानो रोगेषु रागादिषु वर्तमानम् ।
महाभिषग्नार्हति विघ्नमेष ज्ञानौषधार्थं परिखिद्यमानः ॥ ६१ ॥

tallokamārttaṃ karuṇāyamāno rogeṣu rāgādiṣu vartamānam |
mahābhiṣagnārhati vighnameṣa jñānauṣadhārthaṃ parikhidyamānaḥ || 61 ||

'Pitying the world lying distressed amidst diseases and passions, he, the great physician, ought not to be hindered, who undergoes all his labours for the sake of the remedy knowledge.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.61). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kama, Karuna, Mana, Roga, Raga, Vartamana, Mahabhisha, Gna, Arhat, Vighna, Esha, Jnana, Aushadha, Artha, Pari, Khidyamana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 13.61). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tallokamārttaṃ karuṇāyamāno rogeṣu rāgādiṣu vartamānam
  • tallo -
  • kamā -
  • kama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arttam -
  • ard (verb class 7)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • karuṇāya -
  • karuṇa (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    karuṇa (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • māno* -
  • māna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    man -> māna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √man class 4 verb], [nominative single from √man class 8 verb]
  • rogeṣu -
  • roga (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • rāgād -
  • rāga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • iṣu -
  • iṣu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • vartamānam -
  • vartamāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vartamāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vartamānā (noun, feminine)
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vṛt class 1 verb], [accusative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “mahābhiṣagnārhati vighnameṣa jñānauṣadhārthaṃ parikhidyamānaḥ
  • mahābhiṣa -
  • mahābhiṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gnā -
  • gnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arhati -
  • arhat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    arhat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    arh (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • vighnam -
  • vighna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • jñānau -
  • jñāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jñānā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • auṣadhā -
  • auṣadha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    auṣadha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • artham -
  • artha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    artha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pari -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • khidyamānaḥ -
  • khid -> khidyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √khid class 4 verb], [nominative single from √khid class 6 verb], [nominative single from √khid class 7 verb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 13.61

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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