Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 13.60

काष्ठं हि मथ्नन् लभते हुताशं भूमिं खनन् विन्दति चापि तोयम् ।
निर्बन्धिनः किञ्च न नास्य साध्यं न्यायेन युक्तं च कृतं च सर्वम् ॥ ६० ॥

kāṣṭhaṃ hi mathnan labhate hutāśaṃ bhūmiṃ khanan vindati cāpi toyam |
nirbandhinaḥ kiñca na nāsya sādhyaṃ nyāyena yuktaṃ ca kṛtaṃ ca sarvam || 60 ||

'One who rubs the two pieces of wood obtains the fire, one who digs the earth finds at last the water,—and to him in his perseverance there is nothing unattainable,—all things to him are reasonable and possible.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.60). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kashtham, Kashtha, Math, Nat, Labhat, Hutasha, Bhumi, Khanat, Vindat, Vindati, Capin, Toya, Nirbandhin, Kinca, Nasya, Sadhya, Nyayena, Nyaya, Yuktam, Yukta, Krit, Krita, Sarvam, Sarva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 13.60). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “kāṣṭhaṃ hi mathnan labhate hutāśaṃ bhūmiṃ khanan vindati cāpi toyam
  • kāṣṭham -
  • kāṣṭham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kāṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • math -
  • math (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    math (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • nan -
  • nat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • labhate -
  • labh -> labhat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh -> labhat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √labh class 1 verb]
    labh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • hutāśam -
  • hutāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • bhūmim -
  • bhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    bhūmi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • khanan -
  • khan -> khanat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √khan class 1 verb], [vocative single from √khan class 1 verb]
  • vindati -
  • vindati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vindati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vindati (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vid -> vindat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vindat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vid class 6 verb]
    vid -> vindat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid -> vindat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid -> vindatī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √vid class 7 verb]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present active third single]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • toyam -
  • toya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    toyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line2: “nirbandhinaḥ kiñca na nāsya sādhyaṃ nyāyena yuktaṃ ca kṛtaṃ ca sarvam
  • nirbandhinaḥ -
  • nirbandhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    nirbandhin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kiñca -
  • kiñca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kiñca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nāsya -
  • nāsya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nās -> nāsya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √nās]
    nās -> nāsya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √nās class 1 verb]
    nās -> nāsya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √nās class 1 verb]
    nas -> nāsya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √nas class 1 verb]
    nas -> nāsya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √nas class 1 verb]
  • sādhyam -
  • sādhya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sādhya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sādhyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sidh -> sādhya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √sidh]
    sidh -> sādhya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √sidh]
    sidh -> sādhyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √sidh]
    sādh -> sādhya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sādh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sādh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √sādh class 5 verb]
    sādh -> sādhya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sādh class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sādh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √sādh class 4 verb], [accusative single from √sādh class 4 verb], [nominative single from √sādh class 5 verb], [accusative single from √sādh class 5 verb]
    sidh -> sādhya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sidh]
    sidh -> sādhya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sidh], [accusative single from √sidh]
  • nyāyena -
  • nyāyena (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    nyāya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • yuktam -
  • yuktam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yuktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb], [accusative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṛtam -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 13.60

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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