Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 13.49

स्त्री मेघकाली तु कपालहस्ता कर्तुं महार्षेः किल मोहचित्तम् ।
बभ्राम तत्रानियतं न तस्थौ चलात्मनो बुद्धिरिवागमेषु ॥ ४९ ॥

strī meghakālī tu kapālahastā kartuṃ mahārṣeḥ kila mohacittam |
babhrāma tatrāniyataṃ na tasthau calātmano buddhirivāgameṣu || 49 ||

But a woman named Meghakali, bearing a skull in her hand, in order to infatuate the mind of the sage, flitted about unsettled and stayed not in one spot, like the mind of the fickle student over the sacred texts.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.49). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Stri, Meghakali, Kapalahasta, Kartu, Maharshi, Kila, Mohacitta, Tatra, Aniyata, Calatman, Buddhi, Iva, Agama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 13.49). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “strī meghakālī tu kapālahastā kartuṃ mahārṣeḥ kila mohacittam
  • strī -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • meghakālī -
  • meghakālī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kapālahastā -
  • kapālahastā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kartu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kartu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • mahārṣeḥ -
  • mahārṣi (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kila -
  • kila (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    kila (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kil (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • mohacittam -
  • mohacitta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “babhrāma tatrāniyataṃ na tasthau calātmano buddhirivāgameṣu
  • babhrāma -
  • bhram (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    bhram (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • tatrā -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aniyatam -
  • aniyata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aniyata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    aniyatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tasthau -
  • sthā (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • calātmano* -
  • calātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    calātman (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • buddhir -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • agameṣu -
  • agama (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    agama (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 13.49

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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