Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 13.44

अथापरे निर्जगलुर्मुखेभ्यः सर्पान्विजीर्णेभ्य इव द्रुमेभ्यः ।
ते मन्त्रबद्धा इव तत्समीपे न शश्वसुर्नोत्ससृजुर्न चेलुः ॥ ४४ ॥

athāpare nirjagalurmukhebhyaḥ sarpānvijīrṇebhya iva drumebhyaḥ |
te mantrabaddhā iva tatsamīpe na śaśvasurnotsasṛjurna celuḥ || 44 ||

Then others spat out serpents from their mouths as from old decayed trunks of trees; but, as if held fast by a charm, near him they neither breathed nor discharged venom nor moved.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.44). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Atha, Apara, Nih, Mukha, Sarpa, Vij, Irna, Iva, Druma, Tad, Yushmad, Mantrabaddha, Tat, Samipa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 13.44). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “athāpare nirjagalurmukhebhyaḥ sarpānvijīrṇebhya iva drumebhyaḥ
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • apare -
  • apara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    apara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    aparā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • jagalur -
  • gal (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • mukhebhyaḥ -
  • mukha (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    mukha (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • sarpān -
  • sarpa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • vijī -
  • vij (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • īrṇebhya* -
  • īrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    īrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    īr -> īrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [dative plural from √īr class 2 verb], [ablative plural from √īr class 2 verb]
    īr -> īrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [dative plural from √īr class 2 verb], [ablative plural from √īr class 2 verb]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • drumebhyaḥ -
  • druma (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • Line 2: “te mantrabaddhā iva tatsamīpe na śaśvasurnotsasṛjurna celuḥ
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • mantrabaddhā* -
  • mantrabaddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mantrabaddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • samīpe -
  • samīpa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    samīpa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    samīpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Cannot analyse śaśvasurnotsasṛjurna*ce
  • celuḥ -
  • cal (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 13.44

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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