Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 13.32

तद्बोधिमूलं समवेक्ष्य कीर्णं हिंसात्मना मारबलेन तेन ।
धर्मात्मभिर्लोकविमोक्षकामैर्बभूव हाहाकृतमन्तरीक्षम् ॥ ३२ ॥

tadbodhimūlaṃ samavekṣya kīrṇaṃ hiṃsātmanā mārabalena tena |
dharmātmabhirlokavimokṣakāmairbabhūva hāhākṛtamantarīkṣam || 32 ||

When they saw the foot of the Bodhi tree crowded with that host of Mara, intent on doing harm,—the sky was filled with the cry raised by all the virtuous beings who desired the world's liberation.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.32). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tat, Bodhi, Ula, Sama, Vekshya, Kirna, Himsatmana, Mara, Bala, Tena, Dharmatman, Loka, Vimokshaka, Hahakrita, Antariksha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 13.32). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tadbodhimūlaṃ samavekṣya kīrṇaṃ hiṃsātmanā mārabalena tena
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bodhim -
  • bodhi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ū -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ū (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    ū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    au (noun, feminine)
    au (noun, masculine)
  • ulam -
  • ula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • sama -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vekṣya -
  • vekṣ -> vekṣya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vekṣ]
    vekṣ -> vekṣya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vekṣ class 10 verb]
    vekṣ -> vekṣya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vekṣ class 10 verb]
  • kīrṇam -
  • kīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    kṝ -> kīrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 9 verb]
    kṝ -> kīrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṝ class 9 verb], [accusative single from √kṝ class 9 verb]
  • hiṃsātmanā* -
  • hiṃsātmanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • māra -
  • māra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    māra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • balena -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • Line 2: “dharmātmabhirlokavimokṣakāmairbabhūva hāhākṛtamantarīkṣam
  • dharmātmabhir -
  • dharmātman (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dharmātman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • loka -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vimokṣakām -
  • vimokṣakā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • air -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • babhūva -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • hāhākṛtam -
  • hāhākṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hāhākṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    hāhākṛtā (noun, feminine)
  • antarīkṣam -
  • antarīkṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 13.32

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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