Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 13.29

विष्वग्ववौ वायुरुदीर्णवेगस्तारा न रेजुर्न बभौ शशाङ्कः ।
तमश्च भूयो विततार रात्रेः सर्वे च सञ्चुक्षुभिरे समुद्राः ॥ २९ ॥

viṣvagvavau vāyurudīrṇavegastārā na rejurna babhau śaśāṅkaḥ |
tamaśca bhūyo vitatāra rātreḥ sarve ca sañcukṣubhire samudrāḥ || 29 ||

A wind of intense violence blew in all directions, the stars did not shine, the moon gave no light, and a deeper darkness of night spread around, and all the oceans were agitated.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.29). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vishvak, Vava, Vayu, Udirnavega, Tara, Shashanka, Tama, Tamas, Bhuyah, Bhuyas, Vitata, Ara, Ratra, Sarva, Kshu, Samudra,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 13.29). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “viṣvagvavau vāyurudīrṇavegastārā na rejurna babhau śaśāṅkaḥ
  • viṣvag -
  • viṣvak (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vavau -
  • vava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vai (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • vāyur -
  • vāyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vāyu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [optative active third plural]
  • udīrṇavegas -
  • udīrṇavega (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tārā* -
  • tāra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tārā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rejur -
  • rāj (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    raj (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    raj (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • babhau -
  • bhā (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • śaśāṅkaḥ -
  • śaśāṅka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tamaśca bhūyo vitatāra rātreḥ sarve ca sañcukṣubhire samudrāḥ
  • tamaś -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūyo* -
  • bhūyaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhūyas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūyas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vitatā -
  • vitata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vitata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vitatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ara -
  • ara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • rātre -
  • rātra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    rātra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • iḥ -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sañcu -
  • sañcu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • kṣubhir -
  • kṣu (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • e -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    i (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • samudrāḥ -
  • samudra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    samudrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 13.29

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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