Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 13.27

एवंविधा भूतगणाः समन्तात्तद्बोधिमूलं परिवार्य तस्थुः ।
जिघृक्षवश्चैव जिघांसवश्च भर्तुर्नियोगं परिपालयन्तः ॥ २७ ॥

evaṃvidhā bhūtagaṇāḥ samantāttadbodhimūlaṃ parivārya tasthuḥ |
jighṛkṣavaścaiva jighāṃsavaśca bharturniyogaṃ paripālayantaḥ || 27 ||

Such were the troops of demons who encircled the root of the Bodhi tree on every side, eager to seize it and to destroy it, awaiting the command of their lord.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.27). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Evamvidha, Bhutagana, Samantat, Samanta, Tad, Tat, Bodhin, Mula, Parivan, Arya, Jighrikshu, Jighamsu, Bhartri, Niyoga, Paripalayat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 13.27). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “evaṃvidhā bhūtagaṇāḥ samantāttadbodhimūlaṃ parivārya tasthuḥ
  • evaṃvidhā* -
  • evaṃvidha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    evaṃvidhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bhūtagaṇāḥ -
  • bhūtagaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • samantāt -
  • samantāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    samanta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    samanta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bodhi -
  • bodhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bodhin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bodhin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • mūlam -
  • mūla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mūla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mūlā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • parivā -
  • parivan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    parivan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • arya -
  • arya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    arya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tasthuḥ -
  • sthā (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • Line 2: “jighṛkṣavaścaiva jighāṃsavaśca bharturniyogaṃ paripālayantaḥ
  • jighṛkṣavaś -
  • jighṛkṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jighṛkṣu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • jighāṃsavaś -
  • jighāṃsu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jighāṃsu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhartur -
  • bhartṛ (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • niyogam -
  • niyoga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • paripālayantaḥ -
  • paripālayat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 13.27

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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