Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 12.105

स्नातो नैरञ्जनातीरादुत्ततार शनैः कृशः ।
भक्त्यावनतशाखाग्रैर्दत्तहस्तस्तटद्रुमैः ॥ १०५ ॥

snāto nairañjanātīrāduttatāra śanaiḥ kṛśaḥ |
bhaktyāvanataśākhāgrairdattahastastaṭadrumaiḥ || 105 ||

And having bathed, thin as he was, slowly came up the bank of the Nairanjana, supported as by a hand by the trees on the shore, which bent down the ends of their branches in adoration.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.105). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Snata, Snat, Nairanjana, Ira, Uttata, Ara, Shanaih, Shana, Krisha, Bhaktya, Bhakti, Avanata, Shakha, Agra, Dattahasta, Tatadruma,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 12.105). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “snāto nairañjanātīrāduttatāra śanaiḥ kṛśaḥ
  • snāto* -
  • snāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    snā -> snāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √snā class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √snā class 2 verb], [ablative single from √snā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √snā class 2 verb], [nominative single from √snā class 4 verb]
    snā -> snāt (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √snā class 2 verb], [genitive single from √snā class 2 verb]
    snā (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • nairañjanāt -
  • nairañjana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    nairañjana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • īrād -
  • īra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    īra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • uttatā -
  • uttata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ara -
  • ara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • śanaiḥ -
  • śanaiḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    śana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • kṛśaḥ -
  • kṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “bhaktyāvanataśākhāgrairdattahastastaṭadrumaiḥ
  • bhaktyā -
  • bhaktyā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhakti (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • avanata -
  • avanata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avanata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    van (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second plural]
  • śākhā -
  • śākha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śākha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śākhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    śākh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • agrair -
  • agra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    agra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • dattahastas -
  • dattahasta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • taṭadrumaiḥ -
  • taṭadruma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 12.105

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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