Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 12.104

तस्मादाहारमूलो ऽयमुपाय इतिनिश्चयः ।
असूरिकरणे धीरः कृत्वामितमतिर्मतिम् ॥ १०४ ॥

tasmādāhāramūlo 'yamupāya itiniścayaḥ |
asūrikaraṇe dhīraḥ kṛtvāmitamatirmatim || 104 ||

Having thus resolved, 'this means is based upon eating food,' the wise seer of unbounded wisdom, having made up his mind to accept the continuance of life,

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.104). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tasmat, Tad, Ahara, Ula, Aya, Idam, Upaya, Itinishcaya, Asu, Karana, Karani, Dhira, Kritva, Kritvan, Amitamati, Mati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 12.104). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasmādāhāramūlo 'yamupāya itiniścayaḥ
  • tasmād -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • āhāram -
  • āhāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āhāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ū -
  • ū (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    ū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    u (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [compound], [adverb]
    ū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    au (noun, feminine)
    au (noun, masculine)
  • ulo' -
  • ula (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • upāya* -
  • upāya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • itiniścayaḥ -
  • itiniścaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “asūrikaraṇe dhīraḥ kṛtvāmitamatirmatim
  • asūr -
  • asū (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asū (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    asu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 4)
    [aorist active third plural]
  • ri -
  • (noun, feminine)
    rai (noun, masculine)
  • karaṇe -
  • karaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    karaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    karaṇi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    karaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • dhīraḥ -
  • dhīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [compound]
    kṛtvan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • amitamatir -
  • amitamati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    amitamati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • matim -
  • mati (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    mati (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 12.104

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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