Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 11.60

यदप्यवोचः परिपाल्यतां जरा नवं वयो गच्छति विक्रियामिति ।
अनिश्चयो ऽयं चपलं हि दृश्यते जराप्यधीरा धृतिमच्च यौवनम् ॥ ६० ॥

yadapyavocaḥ paripālyatāṃ jarā navaṃ vayo gacchati vikriyāmiti |
aniścayo 'yaṃ capalaṃ hi dṛśyate jarāpyadhīrā dhṛtimacca yauvanam || 60 ||

'And as for what thou saidst "wait till old age comes, for youth is ever subject to change;"—this want of decision is itself uncertain; for age too can be irresolute and youth can be firm.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.60). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yat, Yad, Api, Apya, Paripalya, Jara, Jaras, Nava, Vaya, Vayas, Gacchat, Vikriya, Iti, Ani, Caya, Aya, Idam, Capalam, Capala, Drishyata, Adhira, Dhritimat, Yauvana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 11.60). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadapyavocaḥ paripālyatāṃ jarā navaṃ vayo gacchati vikriyāmiti
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • apya -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • avocaḥ -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [aorist active second single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [aorist active second single]
  • paripālya -
  • paripālya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    paripālya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • jarā* -
  • jara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    jaras (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    jaras (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • navam -
  • nava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    navā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    navan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    navan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • vayo* -
  • vayas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gacchati -
  • gacchat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • vikriyām -
  • vikriyā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • Line 2: “aniścayo 'yaṃ capalaṃ hi dṛśyate jarāpyadhīrā dhṛtimacca yauvanam
  • aniś -
  • ani (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cayo' -
  • caya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ayam -
  • aya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • capalam -
  • capalam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    capala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    capala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    capalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • dṛśyate -
  • dṛśyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dṛś (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
  • jarā -
  • jara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    jṛ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    jṝ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • apya -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    apya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • adhīrā* -
  • adhīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    adhīrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dhṛtimac -
  • dhṛtimat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    dhṛtimat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yauvanam -
  • yauvana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 11.60

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: