Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 11.55

लक्ष्म्यां महत्यामपि वर्तमानस्तृष्णाभिभूतस्त्वनुकम्पितव्यः ।
प्राप्नोति यः शान्तिसुखं न चेह परत्र दुःखं प्रतिगृह्यते च ॥ ५५ ॥

lakṣmyāṃ mahatyāmapi vartamānastṛṣṇābhibhūtastvanukampitavyaḥ |
prāpnoti yaḥ śāntisukhaṃ na ceha paratra duḥkhaṃ pratigṛhyate ca || 55 ||

'But he is to be pitied who is overpowered by thirst though set in the midst of great wealth,—who attains not the happiness of calm here, while pain has to be experienced hereafter.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.55). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Lakshmi, Mahati, Api, Vartamana, Trishna, Abhibhuta, Tva, Anukampita, Vya, Pra, Yah, Shanti, Sukham, Sukha, Paratra, Duhkham, Duhkha, Pratigrihya, Tad, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 11.55). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “lakṣmyāṃ mahatyāmapi vartamānastṛṣṇābhibhūtastvanukampitavyaḥ
  • lakṣmyām -
  • lakṣmī (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • mahatyām -
  • mahatī (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • vartamānas -
  • vartamāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛt -> vartamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛt class 1 verb]
  • tṛṣṇā -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhibhūtas -
  • abhibhūta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tva -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    tva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • anukampita -
  • anukampita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    anukampita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vyaḥ -
  • vya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “prāpnoti yaḥ śāntisukhaṃ na ceha paratra duḥkhaṃ pratigṛhyate ca
  • prā -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    prā (Preverb)
  • āpnoti -
  • āp (verb class 5)
    [present active third single]
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śānti -
  • śānti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śānti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śāntī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    śāntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    śāntī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ceha -
  • cah (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • paratra -
  • paratra (indeclinable)
  • duḥkham -
  • duḥkham (indeclinable)
    duḥkha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    duḥkha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    duḥkhā (noun, feminine)
  • pratigṛhya -
  • pratigṛhya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pratigṛhya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 11.55

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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