Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 11.52

यो दन्दशूकं कुपितं भुजङ्गं मुक्त्वा व्यवस्येद्धि पुनर्ग्रहीतुम् ।
दाहात्मिकां वा ज्वलितां तृणौल्कां सन्त्यज्य कामान्स पुनर्भजेत ॥ ५२ ॥

yo dandaśūkaṃ kupitaṃ bhujaṅgaṃ muktvā vyavasyeddhi punargrahītum |
dāhātmikāṃ vā jvalitāṃ tṛṇaulkāṃ santyajya kāmānsa punarbhajeta || 52 ||

'Only he who, having once let go a malignant incensed serpent, or a blazing hay-torch all on fire, would strive again to seize it, would ever seek pleasures again after having once abandoned them.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.52). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Dandashuka, Kupita, Bhujanga, Muktva, Punar, Dahatmika, Var, Jvalita, Trina, Ulka, Santyajya, Kama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 11.52). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yo dandaśūkaṃ kupitaṃ bhujaṅgaṃ muktvā vyavasyeddhi punargrahītum
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dandaśūkam -
  • dandaśūka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dandaśūka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dandaśūkā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kupitam -
  • kupita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kupita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kupitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    kup -> kupita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √kup class 4 verb], [accusative single from √kup class 10 verb]
    kup -> kupita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √kup class 4 verb], [accusative single from √kup class 4 verb], [nominative single from √kup class 10 verb], [accusative single from √kup class 10 verb]
  • bhujaṅgam -
  • bhujaṅga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhujaṅga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • muktvā -
  • muktvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    muc -> muktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √muc]
    muc -> muktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √muc]
    muj -> muktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √muj]
  • vyava -
  • vyava (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • syeddh -
  • (verb class 4)
    [optative active third single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • grahītum -
  • grah -> grahītum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √grah]
  • Line 2: “dāhātmikāṃ jvalitāṃ tṛṇaulkāṃ santyajya kāmānsa punarbhajeta
  • dāhātmikām -
  • dāhātmikā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • jvalitām -
  • jvalitā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    jval -> jvalitā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √jval class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jval]
  • tṛṇa -
  • tṛṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tṛṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ulkām -
  • ulkā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • santyajya -
  • santyajya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    santyajya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāmān -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • bhajeta -
  • bhaj (verb class 1)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 11.52

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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