Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 11.7

अहं जरामृत्युभयं विदित्वा मुमुक्षया धर्ममिमं प्रपन्नः ।
बन्धून्प्रियानश्रुमुखान् विहाय प्रागेव कामानशुभस्य हेतून् ॥ ७ ॥

ahaṃ jarāmṛtyubhayaṃ viditvā mumukṣayā dharmamimaṃ prapannaḥ |
bandhūnpriyānaśrumukhān vihāya prāgeva kāmānaśubhasya hetūn || 7 ||

'I, having experienced the fear of old age and death, fly to this path of religion in my desire for liberation; leaving behind my dear kindred with tears in their faces,—still more then those pleasures which are the causes of evil.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aha, Asmad, Jaramrityu, Bhaya, Mumuksha, Dharma, Idam, Prapanna, Bandhu, Priya, Ashrumukha, Vihaya, Viha, Prak, Eva, Kama, Ashubha, Hetu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 11.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ahaṃ jarāmṛtyubhayaṃ viditvā mumukṣayā dharmamimaṃ prapannaḥ
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • jarāmṛtyu -
  • jarāmṛtyu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jarāmṛtyu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    jarāmṛtyu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • bhayam -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhayā (noun, feminine)
  • viditvā -
  • vid -> viditvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vid]
  • mumukṣayā -
  • mumukṣā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
  • imam -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • prapannaḥ -
  • prapanna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “bandhūnpriyānaśrumukhān vihāya prāgeva kāmānaśubhasya hetūn
  • bandhūn -
  • bandhu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • priyān -
  • priya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • aśrumukhān -
  • aśrumukha (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • vihāya -
  • vihāya (indeclinable)
    viha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    viha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • prāg -
  • prāk (indeclinable)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāmān -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • aśubhasya -
  • aśubha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    aśubha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • hetūn -
  • hetu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 11.7

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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