Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 10.38

तस्मादधीरं चपलप्रमादि नवं वयस्तावदिदं व्यपैतु ।
कामस्य पूर्वं हि वयः शरव्यं न शक्यते रक्षितुमिन्द्रियेभ्यः ॥ ३८ ॥

tasmādadhīraṃ capalapramādi navaṃ vayastāvadidaṃ vyapaitu |
kāmasya pūrvaṃ hi vayaḥ śaravyaṃ na śakyate rakṣitumindriyebhyaḥ || 38 ||

'Let therefore this fickle time of youth first pass by, reckless and giddy,—our early years are the mark for pleasure, they cannot be kept from the power of the senses.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tasmat, Tad, Adhira, Capala, Pramadin, Pramadi, Nava, Vaya, Vayas, Tavat, Idam, Kama, Purvam, Purva, Sharavya, Shakyata, Indriya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 10.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasmādadhīraṃ capalapramādi navaṃ vayastāvadidaṃ vyapaitu
  • tasmād -
  • tasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
  • adhīram -
  • adhīra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adhīra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adhīrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • capala -
  • capala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    capala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pramādi -
  • pramādin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pramādin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    pramādi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pramādi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pramādi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • navam -
  • nava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    navā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    navan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    navan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • vayas -
  • vayas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tāvad -
  • tāvat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tāvat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tāvat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    tāvat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vyapai -
  • vyapa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • etu -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperative active third single]
  • Line 2: “kāmasya pūrvaṃ hi vayaḥ śaravyaṃ na śakyate rakṣitumindriyebhyaḥ
  • kāmasya -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • pūrvam -
  • pūrvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pūrva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pūrva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • vayaḥ -
  • vayas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śaravyam -
  • śaravya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śaravya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śaravyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śakyate -
  • śakyatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śak (verb class 5)
    [present passive third single]
  • rakṣitum -
  • rakṣ -> rakṣitum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √rakṣ]
  • indriyebhyaḥ -
  • indriya (noun, masculine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
    indriya (noun, neuter)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 10.38

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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