Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 10.37

अतश्च लोलं विषयप्रधानं प्रमत्तमक्षान्तमदीर्घदर्शि ।
बहुच्छलं यौवनमभ्यतीत्य निस्तीर्य कान्तारमिवाश्वसन्ति ॥ ३७ ॥

ataśca lolaṃ viṣayapradhānaṃ pramattamakṣāntamadīrghadarśi |
bahucchalaṃ yauvanamabhyatītya nistīrya kāntāramivāśvasanti || 37 ||

'Therefore having passed through the deceptive period of youth, fickle, intent on external objects, heedless, impatient, not looking at the distance, they take breath like men who have escaped safe through a forest.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.37). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Atah, Lola, Vishaya, Pradhana, Pramatta, Akshanta, Adirghadarshin, Bahucchala, Nih, Kantara, Iva, Ashva, Sat, Santi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 10.37). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ataśca lolaṃ viṣayapradhānaṃ pramattamakṣāntamadīrghadarśi
  • ataś -
  • ataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lolam -
  • lola (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    lola (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    lolā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • viṣaya -
  • viṣaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pradhānam -
  • pradhāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pradhāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pradhānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pramattam -
  • pramatta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pramatta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pramattā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • akṣāntam -
  • akṣānta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    akṣānta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    akṣāntā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • adīrghadarśi -
  • adīrghadarśin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    adīrghadarśin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “bahucchalaṃ yauvanamabhyatītya nistīrya kāntāramivāśvasanti
  • bahucchalam -
  • bahucchala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bahucchala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bahucchalā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse yauvanamabhyatītya*ni
  • nis -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tīrya -
  • tṝ -> tīrya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tṝ]
    tṝ -> tīrya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tṝ]
    tṝ -> tīrya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tṝ]
    tṝ -> tīrya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tṝ]
  • kāntāram -
  • kāntāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāntāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aśva -
  • aśva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • santi -
  • santi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    santi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    santi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 10.37

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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