Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 10.23

आदित्यपूर्वं विपुलं कुलं ते नवं वयो दीप्तमिदं वपुश्च ।
कस्मादियं ते मतिरक्रमेण भैक्षाक एवाभिरता न राज्ये ॥ २३ ॥

ādityapūrvaṃ vipulaṃ kulaṃ te navaṃ vayo dīptamidaṃ vapuśca |
kasmādiyaṃ te matirakrameṇa bhaikṣāka evābhiratā na rājye || 23 ||

'When I consider thy widespread race, beginning with the sun, thy fresh youth, and thy conspicuous beauty,—whence comes this resolve of thine so out of all harmony with the rest, set wholly on a mendicant's life, not on a kingdom?

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aditya, Apurva, Vipula, Kula, Tad, Yushmad, Nava, Vaya, Vayas, Dipta, Idam, Vapu, Vapus, Kasmat, Kah, Kim, Iyam, Mati, Akrama, Bhaikshaka, Eva, Rajya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 10.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ādityapūrvaṃ vipulaṃ kulaṃ te navaṃ vayo dīptamidaṃ vapuśca
  • āditya -
  • āditya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    āditya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • apūrvam -
  • apūrva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    apūrva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    apūrvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vipulam -
  • vipula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vipula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vipulā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kulam -
  • kula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kulā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • navam -
  • nava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    navā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    navan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    navan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • vayo* -
  • vayas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dīptam -
  • dīpta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dīpta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dīptā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vapuś -
  • vapus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vapus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vapu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vapu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “kasmādiyaṃ te matirakrameṇa bhaikṣāka evābhiratā na rājye
  • kasmād -
  • kasmāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [ablative single]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [ablative single]
  • iyam -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    ī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • matir -
  • mati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    mati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • akrameṇa -
  • akrama (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    akrama (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • bhaikṣāka -
  • bhaikṣāka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • evābhir -
  • evā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • atā -
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rājye -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [locative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [locative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √rāj], [vocative dual from √rāj], [accusative dual from √rāj], [locative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √rāj], [vocative single from √rāj], [vocative dual from √rāj], [accusative dual from √rāj]
    rāj (verb class 1)
    [present passive first single]
    rāj (verb class 0)
    [present passive first single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 10.23

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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