Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.69

अहं विशेयं ज्वलितं हुताशनं न चाकृतार्थः प्रविशेयमालयम् ।
इति प्रतिज्ञां स चकार गर्वितो यथेष्टमुत्थाय च निर्ममो ययौ ॥ ६९ ॥

ahaṃ viśeyaṃ jvalitaṃ hutāśanaṃ na cākṛtārthaḥ praviśeyamālayam |
iti pratijñāṃ sa cakāra garvito yatheṣṭamutthāya ca nirmamo yayau || 69 ||

'I would enter the blazing fire, but not my house with my purpose unfulfilled.' Thus he proudly made his resolve, and rising up in accordance with it, full of disinterestedness, went his way.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.69). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aha, Asmad, Jvalita, Hutashana, Akritartha, Pra, Alaya, Iti, Pratijna, Cakara, Garvita, Yatheshta, Utthaya, Uttha, Nirmama, Yayi, Yayu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.69). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ahaṃ viśeyaṃ jvalitaṃ hutāśanaṃ na cākṛtārthaḥ praviśeyamālayam
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • viśeyam -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [optative active first single]
  • jvalitam -
  • jvalita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jvalita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jvalitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √jval]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √jval]
    jval -> jvalitā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √jval]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jval class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jval]
    jval -> jvalita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jval class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jval class 1 verb], [nominative single from √jval], [accusative single from √jval]
  • hutāśanam -
  • hutāśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hutāśanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • akṛtārthaḥ -
  • akṛtārtha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • viśeyam -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [optative active first single]
  • ālayam -
  • ālaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “iti pratijñāṃ sa cakāra garvito yatheṣṭamutthāya ca nirmamo yayau
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • pratijñām -
  • pratijñā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • garvito* -
  • garvita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yatheṣṭam -
  • yatheṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yatheṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yatheṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • utthāya -
  • utthāya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    uttha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    uttha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nirmamo* -
  • nirmama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yayau -
  • yayi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yayu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.69

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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