Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.65

अदृष्टतत्त्वस्य सतो ऽपि किं तु मे शुभाशुभे संशयिते शुभे मतिः ।
वृथापि खेदो ऽपि वरं शुभात्मनः सुखं न तत्त्वे ऽपि विगर्हितात्मनः ॥ ६५ ॥

adṛṣṭatattvasya sato 'pi kiṃ tu me śubhāśubhe saṃśayite śubhe matiḥ |
vṛthāpi khedo 'pi varaṃ śubhātmanaḥ sukhaṃ na tattve 'pi vigarhitātmanaḥ || 65 ||

'But even though I cannot discern the truth, yet still, if good and evil are doubted, let one's mind be set on the good; even a toil in vain is to be chosen by him whose soul is good, while the man of base soul has no joy even in the truth.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.65). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Adrishta, Tattva, Satah, Sat, Sata, Api, Kim, Asmad, Shubhashubha, Samshayita, Shubha, Shubh, Mati, Vritha, Kheda, Varam, Vara, Mana, Manas, Sukham, Sukha, Vigarhita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.65). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “adṛṣṭatattvasya sato 'pi kiṃ tu me śubhāśubhe saṃśayite śubhe matiḥ
  • adṛṣṭa -
  • adṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dṛś (verb class 1)
    [aorist middle third single]
  • tattvasya -
  • tattva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • sato' -
  • sataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • kim -
  • kim (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kim (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kim (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • śubhāśubhe -
  • śubhāśubha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śubhāśubha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    śubhāśubhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • saṃśayite -
  • saṃśayita (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    saṃśayita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    saṃśayitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • śubhe -
  • śubha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śubha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    śubhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śubh (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    śubh (verb class 6)
    [present middle first single]
  • matiḥ -
  • mati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    mati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “vṛthāpi khedo 'pi varaṃ śubhātmanaḥ sukhaṃ na tattve 'pi vigarhitātmanaḥ
  • vṛthā -
  • vṛthā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vṛthā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • khedo' -
  • kheda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • varam -
  • varam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    varā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śubhāt -
  • śubha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    śubha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • manaḥ -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tattve' -
  • tattva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • vigarhitāt -
  • vigarhita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vigarhita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • manaḥ -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.65

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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